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HISTORICAL CULTURAL SITES

At:10/5/2016 3:34:17 PM by admin

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THE SPIRIT OF TAY SON UPRISING

In Binh Dinh, besides the famous attraction, visitor will also have the chance to explore and enjoy the great historical and cultural treasure of popular historical and cultural sites which itself are the milestones closely attached to the formation and development of this martial-art land.

Tay Son - Binh Dinh is the place of origin of Tay Son Brothers: Nguyen Nhac, Nguyen Hue and Nguyen Lu. It is also the hometown of King Quang Trung - Nguyen Hue.

Two hundred years have passed but the spirit of Tay Son uprising still lives proudly in the hearts of many people in Binh Dinh.

Photo: Hua Thien.

QUANG TRUNG MUSEUM – MUSEUM OF NATIONAL PRIDE

Located 45km northwest of Quy Nhon, Quang Trung Museum was built be the government in 1978. Its architecture reflects ancient style, with majestic appearance, including nine galleries showcasing artifacts related to the Tay Son movement and Emperor Quang Trung (1771-1789).

In the museum, besides the relics of glorious feats of arms of Tay Son uprising at the end of 18th century, tourists can enjoy the rich, diversified and unique performances of  Tay Son martial art, battle drum music and other traditional folk music.

These activities will bring visitors back to the time of epic battles of the Tay Son movement at the end of 18th century.

TEMPLE OF TAY SON BROTHERS

The temple lies within Quang Trung Museum territory. This historical site is usually taken as o palace, but in fact, this is a temple built by the people in 1958 and completed in 1960 in order to commemorate the merits of the Tay Son Brothers. The site has total area of 2.325 m2 and has been ranked in National historical site list on April 29th, 1979.

Rumor has it that Tay Son temple was built on the old foundation of the Brothers' house, where are also the place of worship of Mr. Ho Phi Phuc and Mrs. Nguyen Thi Đong (i.e. parents of the three brothers: Nguyen Nhac, Nguyen Hue, Nguyen Lu). At first, the three brothers took their father's name as their last name. However, when Dang Trong (Vietnamese southwards expansion) was reigned by Nguyen Lord, they changed their last name to their mother's to make it easier for them to get the support of the people in the uprising.

Photo: Hoa Kha.

This is also the place where the Tay Son Brothers were born and raised to be outstanding leaders of the uprising in the late 18th century. In the old gardens of the Tay Son brothers remains the two valuable relics which are the ancient tamarind tree and the well originated from the time of Mr. Ho Phi Phuc.

GOD WORSHIPPING PLACE – AN CAPTIVATING SPIRITUAL DESTINATION IN BINH DINH

God worshipping place of  Tay Son is located in the spiritual tourist attraction of An Son, about 55km northwest of Quy Nhon. This is the place of worship to pay respect to and remember the great contributions of the Tay Son Rebellion in the fight against the invaders.

This worshipping place is built on area of 46 ha located in An Son of 364-meter Hoanh Son mountains in North - South direction, west of Binh Tuong Commune, Tay Son District. According to Quach Tan, in “Nuoc non Binh Đinh” record (“Land of Binh Dinh”), the geographists of  Vietnam and China have recognized the Hoanh Son Mountain as great earth terrain because it has But (But Son - Hon Trung), Nghien (Hoi Son - Hon Dung), An (An Son - Hon Giai), Kiem (Kiem Son - Hon Hoc Lanh), Co (Co Son - Hon Trong), and Chung (Chung Son - Hon Chuong) on both sides.

This worshipping place is built on area of 46 ha located in An Son of 364-meter Hoanh Son mountains in North - South direction, west of Binh Tuong Commune, Tay Son District. According to Quach Tan, in “Nuoc non Binh Đinh” record (“Land of Binh Dinh”), the geographists of  Vietnam and China have recognized the Hoanh Son Mountain as great earth terrain because it has But (But Son - Hon Trung), Nghien (Hoi Son - Hon Dung), An (An Son - Hon Giai), Kiem (Kiem Son - Hon Hoc Lanh), Co (Co Son - Hon Trong), and Chung (Chung Son - Hon Chuong) on both sides.

This worshipping place is built on area of 46 ha located in An Son of 364-meter Hoanh Son mountains in North - South direction, west of Binh Tuong Commune, Tay Son District. According to Quach Tan, in “Nuoc non Binh Đinh” record (“Land of Binh Dinh”), the geographists of  Vietnam and China have recognized the Hoanh Son Mountain as great earth terrain because it has But (But Son - Hon Trung), Nghien (Hoi Son - Hon Dung), An (An Son - Hon Giai), Kiem (Kiem Son - Hon Hoc Lanh), Co (Co Son - Hon Trong), and Chung (Chung Son - Hon Chuong) on both sides.

Legend has it that after taking over Hoanh Son, the 3 brothers Nguyen Nhac made impressive progress in their talent and martial arts. Their school teacher, an expert in physiognomy, predicted that their time was coming, and told Nguyen Nhac the prophecy “Tay khoi nghia, Bac thu cong” (meaning uprising in the West to achieve victory in the North), and advised the latter to prepare for upcoming prospects. Following the teacher's advice, the 3 brothers came back to Kien Thanh to recruite martial artists.

According to legend, the holy garden of An Son was the place where God granted them the holy sword and the sign engraved with “Son Ha xa tac” (meaning the land of Son Ha). Before great rebellion against feudal reigns of Trinh Nguyen, unifying the country and sweeping the invaders off our territory, the three Tay Son brothers had conducted a ceremony here in respect to God and to ask for his blessing in the uprising

The worshipping place of An Son was built in colonical-style specializing in worshipping the heaven and mother earth, which carries deep humanity, and above all the harmony with nature in hope of good weather, national security, and peaceful country.

EMPEROR PALACE

Emperor Palace is located in Nhon Hau Commune, Dap Da Ward, An Nhon, about 27km northwest from Quy Nhon. Emperor Palace was built in Tay Son dynasty in 1776 on the foundation of  Do Ban Citadel of Champa and was formally known as the Emperor Palace from 1778.

During a long period from 1776 to 1793, it was the headquarter of the Tay Son Rebellion and then the capital of the central government of Emperor Thai Duc - Nguyen Nhac. The palace is a rectangular architecture, consisting of three parts: the outer area, the Inner palace and the Imperial palace. The outer area is 7575m in circumference.

The inner palace is also known as the Citadel which is a rectangular area of 430m long and 370m wide. Inside is the rectangular Imperial Palace of 174m long and 120m wide. After the fall of Tay Son Dynasty, the Emperor Palace - vestige of the golden age of the Tay Son, was also destroyed. On the ground of the old citadel, the Nguyen built a mausoleum for two official commanders who died here, which were Vo Tanh and Ngo Tung Chau.

This is a tomb relic typically of art in the Nguyen Dynasty. Recently, in the course of archaeological excavations, two crescent lakes together with many other architectural vestiges of the Tay Son Dynasty have been revealed. The Ministry of Culture and Information has recognized the location as historical vestige in 1982.

Besides the above historical sites, others such as: Da Den hill (Black Rock hill), Truong Trau harbour, Nhon beach - Tam Toa mountain, ancestral temple of Vo Van Dung and Bui Thi Xuan, are amongst the places attached Tay Son uprising, and the pride of every person of Binh Dinh.

DAO DUY TU TEMPLE

Dao Duy Tu is a famous person of  Vietnam, a great cultural talent in many fields: politics, military, economy and culture - art. He was born in the Hoa Trai village, Ngoc Son district, Thanh Hoa province.

In accordance to history, after his sudden death at the age of 63, he was awarded the title of “Hiep nien đong đuc cong than, đac tien kim tu vinh loc đai phu” (a great citizen with many contributions to the country) and buried in Tung Chau area of  Hoai Nhon. In “Dai Nam Nhat Thang Chi” (a book recording history of feudal Vietnam), it is written that “Hoang Temple in Cu Tai village; Bong Son district, is the place of worship of Dao Duy Tu”. Currently, this relic is located in Ngoc Son hamlet, Hoai Thanh Tay commune, Hoai Nhon district (about 8km from Quy Nhon to the north).

The temple was built in the 12th year of Tu Duc (1859). Due to war, the old campus has collapsed completely. The only remains ore Tam Quan gate and a front picture intact Dao Duy Tu Temple has lately been renovated in 1999 in its old location.

Every year, on 17th of October lunar year, the local people and authorities holds a memorial ceremony to pay respect to Dao Duy Tu. This temple has been recognized the Ministry of Culture and Information as historical - cultural monuments on October 15, 1994.

THE TOMB OF MAI XUAN THUONG

The Tomb is located on a hill next to Highway 19 (Binh Tuong Commune, Tay Son District), about 50km from Quy Nhon to the northwest.

Mai Xuan Thuong Tomb was built in ancient style to commemorate the patriot and outstanding leader in the French Resistance movement of Can Vuong, Binh Dinh. Looking to Tam Quan from, the west, we will see 4 square gate pillars shaped in royal architectural-style of late 19th century. After taking 27 steep stairs toward the tomb, we’ll see about 40m2 terrace surrounded by barriers.

There are 4 levels from the lobby to the courtyard before reaching the tomb Marshal Mai Xuan Thuong.  Every year, on April 15 lunar year, Tay Son people and their families hold a memorial ceremony for him.

The tomb of  Mai Xuan Thuong has been recognized by the Ministry of Culture and Information as historic monuments on April 20, 1995.

CHAMPA RUINS IN BINH DINH

Binh Dinh is the keeper of invaluable cultural heritage of Champa.

The Cham ruins in Binh Dinh is very diverse but the most unique and attractive one to tourists are moss-covered ancient towers.

BINH LAM TOWER

Binh Lam Tower is the ancient Cham tower in Binh Lam hamlet, Phuoc Hoa commune, Tuy Phuoc district, 22km away from Quy Nhon.

This is a relatively special tower in Binh Dinh, where it lies right in the delta and blended in with surrounding nature and residents instead of being located on a hill.

The tower has square foundation, 10 meter long in each side, and is 20 meter high, divided into 3 floors, decorated with subtle, harmonious and strong architectural  patterns.

The tower is recognized by Ministry of Culture and Information as an architectural and art vestige in 1993.

FAIRY WING TOWER

Photo: Hua Thien.

The tower was built inside the site of Do Ban vestige in Nhon Hau commune, An Nhon, in 12th century.

A special feature of Canh Tien Tower is that the inner part of the walls is panelled with sandstone tiles carved with twisted rope patterns. The tower was shaped elegantly yet solemnly.

The tower has 4 tiers with reducing size moving upwards, each of which has four decorative corners. In each corner are small tiles leavening on each other which resemble the wings of flying bird. In addition, the four sides look like soaring fairy's wings; resulting in the name of Fairy Wing Tower.

The tower was built in the reign of King Che Man, in which legend has it that this tower was dedicated to Paramecvari queen aka Princess Huyen Tran, the Vietnamese girl who had married him.

The tower has been recognized by the Ministry of Culture and information as architectural and art vestige in 1982.

BANH IT TOWER

In the late 11th century and early 12th century in Phuoc Hiep Commune, Tuy Phuoc, the tower was built on top of a hill lying between two branches of Kon River, Tan An an Ganh Bridge; next to National Highway 1A, 20km away from Quy Nhon City .

This is a complex consisting of 4 towers, which looks so similar to a sticky rice cake that local people call it Banh It Tower (Sticky rice coke tower). Upon doing researching on this complex architecture, the French called it Tour d'Argent, which means Silver Tower. Each of the four towers presents a different style and shade.

In terms of art, of all Cham towers remaining in Vietnam territory, Banh It complex is a unique architecture which is diverse, well-decorated and carries high artistic value.

This cluster of towers is recognized by Ministry of Culture and Information as an architectural and art vestige in 1982.

TWIN TOWER (HUNG THANH TOWER)

Photo: N. T. Dung.

Built in the late 12th century in Dong Da Ward, Quy Nhon City, the tower is a beautiful and unique architecture of two towers. Twin Towers is classified as “one of the kind” architecture of Champa.

Both towers do not follow the traditional multi-storey square tower of Cham towers, yet it comprises two main parts: square foundation and the pyramid-like top.

In the corners of the top part are statues of Garuda birds spreading their wings as if they are holding onto the tower roof. The upper door arches soar up as arrows. The architecture of the Twin Towers is under the influence of Hindu art.

This tower of is recognized by the Ministry of Culture and Information as Architectural and Art vestige in 1980.

DUONG LONG TOWER (IVORY TOWER)

The tower was built in the late twelfth century at Tay Binh Commune, Tay Son district, 50km away from Quy Nhon city.

Photo: N. T. Dung.

This is the golden era of Champa culture. This architecture cluster consists of three towers: the one in the middle is 42 meters high while the two on the side are 38 meters high. The bodies of the towers are of made of brick while the corners are assembled from large elaborately carved stones.

Duong Long Tower is not only large by its height (i.e. the highest of all remaining Cham Towers in Vietnam) but also famous for its unique architecture, especially the patterns, textures carved directly on massive stones right on top of the tower by find sculptors. The carvings are gorgeous and delicately elegant at the same time, while the carved animals and patterns are lively yet mystical.

Duong Long Tower is considered one of the most beautiful Cham Towers in Vietnam. The tower is recognized by the Ministry of Culture and Information as Architectural and Art vestige in 1980.

PHU LOC TOWER (GOLD TOWER)

Phu Loc Tower is also known as Thoc Loc tower, or Phoc Loc tower, or Gold Tower (Tour d'Or) as by the French researchers.

The tower is an ancient Cham tower in Nhon Thanh commune, An Nhon, which is 35km north of Quy Nhon City. As the tower was built on a hilltop of 76 meter high, it stands out in the delta of Binh Dinh province just like a giant lighthouse. The tower stands haughtily beautiful yet sad.

From the foot of the tower, visitors can spread their views to all four directions towards the great surrounding landscape.

The tower is recognized by the Ministry of Culture and Information as Architectural and Art vestige in 1995.

THU THIEN TOWER

The tower was built on a relatively small area, south of Kon River, Binh Nghi Commune, Tay Son District, 35km northwest from Quy Nhon.

... inside of Thu Thien Tower.

The tower is a small and elegantly mystical design. This tower is recognized by the Ministry of Culture and Information as Architectural and Art vestige in 1995.

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© Binh Dinh institute for socio - Economic development studiesPrint: